Reduction from 13 to 11 terms
In relation to the Incoterms 2000, the 2010 version eliminated four terms: DES (Delivered Ex Ship), DEQ (Delivered Ex Quay), DAF (Delivered At Frontier) and DDU (Delivered Duty Unpaid). Incoterms 2010 created two new Incoterms: DAT (Delivered At Terminal) and DAP (Delivered At Place).
DAT replaces DES, DEQ y DAF
DAP replaces DDU
Priority for Incoterms used with any mode of transport in comparison with sea Incoterms
The new classification of Incoterms 2010 do not take into account the main criterion of the distribution of costs between seller and buyer, but the mode of transport used: Incoterms for any mode of transport against sea. The Incoterms 2010 rules give priority to those Incoterms for any mode of transport because they fit better with the reality of international logistics.
Goods in containers only for Incoterms for any mode of transport but not for sea Incoterms.
If the cargo is loaded into a container, the Incoterms 2010 clearly state that sea terms should not be used, even if the delivery takes place in a port. The reason is that containers are delivered to the port terminals, before being placed on board of the ships. When the goods are transport in containers should not be used FOB, CFR or CIF, but their equivalents for multimodal transport, which are respectively FCA, CPT and CIP.
Transfer of risks "on board" in Incoterms FOB, CFR and CIF
In Incoterms 2010, when using the sea terms FOB, CFR and CIF, the transfer of risks occurs when the goods are "placed "on board" in the port of shipment. However, in the Incoterms 2000, the risk passes when the goods "pass the ship's rail".
Incoterms 2010 establishes the obligation of the seller to assist the buyer to obtain all information concerning the safety of the goods or their transportation to their final destination. However, Incoterm 2010 states that any costs resulting from obtaining such information will be borne by the buyer.