A B C D E G H I L M N O P Q R S T V W Z

Anti-competitive measures

Anti-competitive measures are levied to grant exclusive or special preferences or privileges to one or more limited group of economic operators. They include for example restrictive import channels (e.g. Imports of salt and tobacco are reserved for the respective state…

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Anti-dumping duties

Anti-dumping duties are levied on certain goods originating from specific trading partner(s) to offset the dumping margin. Duty rates are generally enterprise-specific.

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Anti-dumping measure

An anti-dumping measure is a countermeasure taken against a dumping action of an exporter. It is considered that dumping takes place when a product is introduced into the commerce of an importing country at less than its normal value, i.e….

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Antidumping

Laws enacted to remedy dumping, which is defined as the sale of goods to a foreign market at less that fair value. Antidumping duty is an additional tax to normal import duty that is assessed on an imported good to…

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