An expatriate is someone who has chosen to live and work in a country other than the one in which he or she legally resides. Most often, an expatriate is a citizen of a Western nation who has chosen to live in a non-Western country, such as one in South America, Asia, or Africa. Expatriates are often known simply as expats, and they often form their own communities in their new host countries. In areas popular with expatriates, such as parts of Africa and South-East Asia, there are often services such as hotels and cafes that cater specifically to the needs of the local expatriate community. In addition to salary, companies give their expatriate employees benefits such as relocation assistance, housing allowance company car, school fees, medical insurance, etc. Relationships between companies (mainly multinationals corporations) an their expatriate employees are governed through a Model of Expatriate Contract of Employment.

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