Para-tariff measures

Para-tariff measures are measures that increase the cost of imports in a similar manner to tariffs. These measures include customs surcharges, additional taxes and charges (e.g. tax on foreign exchange transactions, stamp tax), service charges, internal taxes, and charges levied…

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Paramount clause

The clause in a bill of lading or charter party invoking coverage by the Hague Rules or by the particular enactment if these rules in the country with jurisdiction over the contract.

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