Party at risk
Between the seller and the buyer, that party who has the most to lose in the event of damage or loss to a shipment, such as:
- Unpaid sellers, especially if the problem occurs before the point where their responsibility for the condition of the shipped goods has passed.
- Buyers who have prepaid, especially if the problem occurs after the point where the seller´s responsibility for the condition of the goods ends.
- Whichever party is shown as shipper for the purpose of general average.