An additional charge for services. Carriers typically assess surcharges for services that they provide, but for which the costs are not included in their base-rate freight prices. Typical transportation surcharges include congestion surcharges which compensate carriers for unusual long delays at crowded ports, currency adjustment factors (CAF), which compensate for exchange rate differentials, fuel adjustment factors, which cover unanticipated increases in the cost of fuel, and terminal handling charges (THC), which cover port-usage fees that are often port-specific.

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